The pop icon said on her website Wednesday that the album, not yet titled, will be released on her own label, Rhythm Nation Records, via Bertelsmann Music Group.
She announced last month in a minute-long video that she was returning to music, with plans to launch a world tour. The news became a hot topic on social media.
Jackson said in a statement that "the opportunity to be creative in music and every form of entertainment has great potential here."
Her last studio album was 2008's "Discipline." Jackson's catalog of hits dates back to the mid-1980s, ranging from "What Have You Done for Me Lately" to "That's the Way Love Goes" to "All for You."